Between July and September 2014 the European Commission conducted a public consultation on Science 2.0. The consultation sought to gather the opinions of a broad sample of interested parties from across the EU research landscape. It aimed to better understand the potential impact of Science 2.0 and the desirability of policy action. While the consultation was open to all citizens, organisations and public authorities, the Commission identified several groups that it would mainly target as respondents: universities and university associations, research performing organisations, research funding organisations, scientific libraries, academies, learned societies, scholarly publishers and intermediaries, and businesses in fields related to Science 2.0.1.
Respondents were invited to answer an online questionnaire that asked for their opinions on the main aspects of the background document for the consultation, Science in transition.