With the document Towards Full Open Access in 2020: aims and recommendations for university leaders and National Rectors’ Conferences, EUA calls for an open scholarly communication system grounded in the quality of the peer-review process, the preservation of authors and institutions’ ownership rights over research outcomes and open licences for the re-use of information, and an equitable cost-benefit ratio for both public institutions and publishers. A series of recommendations in different areas relevant to open access are outlined, including open access to research publications and research data management, institutional development of open access, the mobilisation of researchers, assessment systems, and negotiations of ‘big deals’ with publishers.
The aims and recommendations for university leaders and NRCs were guided by the results of the open access institutional survey, the work of the Expert Group on Science 2.0/Open Science and the dialogue with NRCs. Professor Jean-Pierre Finance, Chair of the Expert Group, noted that: “It is of the utmost importance that the university sector at large, particularly university leaders and NRCs, regain their scientific sovereignty in the publication process. Concerted efforts at institutional, national and European levels are essential to achieve full open access as swiftly as possible”.
The publication of these recommendations occurs in tandem with the release of the report Open Access in European universities: results from the 2015/2016 EUA institutional survey, which tracks the progress of institutions in the implementation of policies and practices in the area of open access. The survey conducted in 2015/2016 focused on open access to research publications and, for the first time, on open access to research data. It gathered responses from 169 institutions across 33 European countries, showing a relatively more consolidated progress on open access to research publications, but also an increasing awareness on open access to research data.