TiGRE | Trust in Governance and Regulation in Europe

Uploaded by RRI Tools on 24 March 2021
Last modified on 25 March 2021


From 01/01/2020 to 30/06/2023

TiGRE for better Trust in Governance and Regulation in Europe

What is TiGRE about

The unprecedented Corona-crisis has revealed the importance of citizens’ trust in public authorities, to respect their recommendations and thus control the spread of the outbreak.

In addition to citizens’ trust in public authorities, trust relationships between actors of regulatory regimes are crucial for such crisis management, as exemplified by the recent funding suspension to the World Health Organization by Donald Trump over its coronavirus response.

Not only the Health sector but all regulatory regimes, which operate across different levels of governance for carrying out regulatory policies, require an optimal level of trust for their well-functioning and thus enhance the quality of democracy.

Objectives: TiGRE in four questions

TiGRE aims to investigate under which conditions regulatory regimes are trusted by studying the relationships between the involved actors (such as administrative bodies, politicians, courts, firms, business, consumer groups and citizens at large, see the "trust relationships triangle").

Thus, the project will provide a comprehensive view of trust dynamics, their drivers and their political and socio-economic effects (as depicted in the figure below). More specifically, the project´s research objectives can be summarized by the four following questions.

  • What are the drivers of trust relationships within regulatory regimes ? - In order to identify such drivers, we will explore under which conditions regulatory regimes are trusted by analysing variables related to countries, regimes, and individuals, as well as the impact of practices at the organisation level (transparency, accountability and participation).
  • What are the consequences of trust on the functioning of regulatory regimes ? - We will explore the relation between trust dynamics and the extent of cooperation between stakeholders at different levels. In addition, we will analyse the effects of these processes on the functioning and evolution of regulatory governance in terms of regulatory consent, compliance and legitimacy.
  • What about citizens’ trust in regulatory regimes ? - We aim to deeply understand how citizens have trust in regulatory agencies, companies and service providers within specific regulatory regimes. To identify the drivers of such perceptions, we will investigate the effect of regulatory practices (regulatory instruments, enforcement styles such as degree of coerciveness) as well as variables related to countries, sectors, and individuals.
  • What is the role of the media ? - We will analyse how the media influence trust dynamics within regulatory regimes. We will also explore the impact of the different communication strategies used by regulatory agencies during and after incidents of regulatory breakdowns to face intense criticism and repair trust.

TiGRE analytical framework

TiGRE has the ambition to explore trust relationships at different levels of governance such as regional, national and European and in three high value sectors: Food Safety, Finance and Communication & Data protection.

To achieve these goals, the project will use a variety of methods, such as questionnaires for large-scale surveys, case studies, focus groups, experimental studies and media content analysis among others. TiGRE will target and be in regular contact with European stakeholders, representing a broad range of regulatory actors.

TiGRE impacts

To connect research with policy and practice, we will provide indicators to detect signals of decreasing trust as well as scenarios on consequences of decreasing trust. This will be the basis for recommendations to policy-makers and to stakeholders on how to handle trust crises and optimize trust relationships within regulatory regimes in order to achieve stable, sustainable and fair social relations in regulatory governance.






  • TiGRE 1st policy brief (March, 2021) - In order to assess social and political trust, the project has systematically reviewed studies that address trust in government and trust in private or civil society actors. The project´s 1st policy brief is based on this systematic review.

  • TiGRE Webinar Series - Trust & Regulatory Governance in an Age of Crisis (Nov 2020 — March 2021)
    • (11.11.2020) Trustworthy Government and Legitimating Beliefs | Professor Margaret Levi
    • (18.11.2020) Trust and Vaccination | Professor Koen Verhoest
    • (26.11.2020) Political Orientation, Trust in Social and Political Institutions and Adoption of Protective Behavior During the Pandemic | Professor Gustavo Mesch
    • (3.12.2020) Trust, Polarization and Excess Mortality for COVID-19 across European regions | Professor Victor Lapuente
    • (10.12.2020) Contestable trust and democratic governance | Professor Valerie Braithwaite
    • (15.12.2020) Trust in digital technologies: from contact-tracing apps to policies for Trustworthy AI | Professor Andrea Renda
    • (17.12.2020) Trust and Rule Compliance | Professor Frédérique Six, Dr Monika Glavina
    • (7.01.2021) Blockchain as a Confidence Machine: The Problem of Trust and Challenges of Governance | Primavera De Filippi, Morshed Mannan, Wessel Reijers
    • (21.01.2021) Trust and Business Regulation across Countries | Professor Claudia R. Williamson
    • (27.01.2021) The impact of citizen exclusion: understanding community disquiet against pandemic surveillance technology | Professor Mark Findlay and Alicia Wee
    • (28.01.2021) Public trust and community capacity: the case of COVID-19 policy response in Hong Kong | Professor Kris Hartley and Professor Darryl S.L. Jarvis
    • (3.02.2021) Governance Reform and Public Acceptance of Regulatory Decision Making: A Survey Experiment on Pesticides Authorization in the EU | Professor Theresa Kuhn, Professor Maria Weimer, Professor Jonathan Zeitlin and David van der Duin
    • (4.02.2021) Credible Products Depend on Credible Regulation: Lessons from Therapeutic Development in the COVID Crisis | Professor Daniel Carpenter
    • (11.02.2021) Vaccination Controversy: Trust Then and Now | Dr. Bernice L. Hausman
    • (24.02.2021) Can Enhanced Self-Regulation Deliver Trust? Assessment via Two Experimental Surveys | Libby Maman, Professor Yuval Feldman and Professor David Levi-Faur
    • (3.03.2021) Political Trust in Changing Welfare States: Bringing Performance Back In | Professor Staffan Kumlin
    • (10.03.2021) Trust and distrust in transformations | Professor Dominika Latusek-Jurczak
  • Université de Lausanne/Project coordinator
  • University of Antwerp
  • Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals
  • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Uni-Speyer - the German University of Administrative Sciences
  • Aarhus University
  • University of Oslo
  • University of Utrecht
  • Kozminski University
Overall budget: € 2 999 810
EU contribution: € 2 999 810

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