The Future of Universities Thoughtbook. 40 perspectives on how engaged and entrepreneurial universities will drive growth and shape our knowledge-driven future until 2040. Eds. Todd Davey, Arno Meerman, Balzhan Orazbayeva, Max Riedel, Victoria Galán-Muros, Carolin Plewa & Natascha Eckert. University Industry Innovation Network, 2018
Predicting the future is an impossible and futile exercise, hence effective ways of anticipating future events are few and far between. Well intended future predictions often become amusing quotes in presentations many years later. Such as, the advice from a president of the Michigan Savings Bank given to Henry Ford’s lawyer Horace Rackham not to invest in the Ford Motor Co: “The horse is here to stay, but the automobile is only a novelty – a fad.”
Nevertheless, the exercise of estimating or predicting the future triggers (1) simultaneous consideration of the events of the past, (2) estimation of the present situation, the most important forces affecting it and factors for success as well as (3) brainstorming and analysing the likely future development possibilities. These aspects are the key elements of strategy development. Yes, the future may be impossible to predict, but by working together to envisage a course for a desirable ‘tomorrow’, it is possible to embrace adaptability and innovativeness and ultimately turn uncertainty into opportunity.
Given this highly complex activity and the high likelihood of error, the approach taken in this Thoughtbook was to invite global experts to offer a diversity of perspectives. We really wanted to challenge the thinking about the university by selecting authors who:
– are already challenging and shaping the development of universities,
– are present or future ‘game-changers’ and ‘thought-leaders’,
– potentially already have a prominent position of power with respect to universities globally,
– together can provide a 360-degree view of universities from the vantage of different stakeholder groups.
In doing so, a range of ‘possible futures’ emerge, from more conservative estimations predicting ‘business as usual’ for universities, to situations whereby universities are superseded by technology and/or new market-facing competitors. These ‘possible futures’ then provide a basis for the better establishment of university and industry strategies, which enable more efficient investment of resources and more productive outcomes.
When reading the contributions, a general consensus around the opportunities and threats facing universities emerge. Like our experts’ contributions, you will undoubtedly lurch from optimism to doom with respect to the future of the university, and back again. If this is the case, then we have achieved our major ambition with the Thoughtbook! … to take your thinking about the university of the future to pieces, and then offer insights into how you can piece a realistic future view back together.
Considering this, the Future of Universities Thoughtbook (FUT) becomes a manifesto for the development of the Future-Oriented University. A vision for the university by 2040 (University 4.0) whereby academics and students work in real time symbiotic partnerships with industry, government and societal stakeholders to simultaneously create and implement new knowledge and solutions to address business and social issues. Those universities that drive change hard within their institutions will get a head start on the rest by embracing uncertainty and a more innovative evolution whilst, if some of the contributions are precise, having a better chance of surviving.
SECTION: DISRUPTING TEACHING AND LEARNING
Paul Hannon | Is This the End of Universities as We Know Them?
Fiona Godsman | Change is Inevitable – It’s Time to Disrupt the Higher Education System
Christer Windeløv-Lidzélius | Change-Makers in the Making
Hans Wissema | The New Learning
Dirk Van Damme | Universities Transforming Teaching and Learning to Cope with a Radically Changing Skill Demand
Manuel Dolderer | Curiosity-Driven Education or How to Prepare Students for the Digital Future
Benjamin Conard | Why Was the Most Valuable Experience at My University NOT Part of My Degree
Marko Grdošić | Meaningful Teaching and Training – Higher Education of the Future
SECTION: COLLISION OF TECHNOLOGY AND HUMANITY
Scott Shane and Michael Goldberg | Technology Will Transform University Entrepreneurship Programs
Paolo Bianco | Towards the Virtual University
Steve Price | Leadership Skills are at Risk from the Virtual University
Maria Chiara Carrozza | Higher Education: Youth, Universities, Mobility, Research and Technology
Alessandro Curioni | How Data and AI May Reshape Education
Soraya M. Coley | The Future of Education, Work and Human Engagement
Michael Bolle | In 2040, Universities Will Be a Place of Dreams
SECTION: THE FUTURE OF SCIENCE AND THE ACADEMIC WORLD
Markus Perkmann | Universities on the Market: A Strategic Playbook for the Next 20 Years
Marek Kwiek | The Sharply Stratified Academic World in 2040 – and Why It Is Unavoidable
Allen Alexander | The Entrepreneurial Academic – Fighting against a ‘Race to the Bottom’
Wim van Saarloos | The University Challenge to Balance Society’s Increased Expectations Concerning Outreach, Media Attention, as well as Societal and Economic Impact
Natascha Eckert | „Freedom of Science“ or „Freedom from Science“?
Thomas Baaken | SCIENCE Fiction – A Short (His)Story of the Future
SECTION: SOCIALLY ENGAGED UNIVERSITY
John Goddard | The Civic University: Confronting Future Challenges
Manuel Alonso | Is University Research Aiming to Address What Really Matters
Søren Bregenholt | Mission-Based Universities Driving Cross-Sector Collaboration to Meet UNs Sustainable Development Goals
Noel Lindsay | Facilitating Entrepreneurship in Communities to Augment University Engagement: Can This Wait for the Future?
Kevin Kecskes | Radical Epistemic Reset: Educating for Just Communities Worldwide
Carolin Plewa, Victoria Galán-Muros, Balzhan Orazbayeva | Co-Creating Value: The Present and Future of Higher Education
SECTION: UNIVERSITY-BUSINESS COOPERATION
Peter Rohan | Universities – Engagement or Irrelevance – in 2040
Rajiv Dhawan | University-Industry Collaboration in the “Asian Century”
Arnaldo Abruzzini | 2040: When Universities and Businesses Will Work in Symbiosis
Najib Abusalbi | Collaboration for a More Relevant Education
Keith Herrmann | Universities Inside out: Situating University-Business Co-Operation at the Centre of the Student Learning Journey
Julie Wagner | Tearing Down Real Walls: A Place-Based Approach to University-Industry Collaboration
Mikko Korpela and Toni Pienonen | Adhocracy Now
Rumyana Trencheva | New Learning Approaches Needed
SECTION: INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE
Andreas Altmann | Rethink Regulation and Business Models – a Blueprint to Release Universities from the Shackles
Sanni Grahn-Laasonen | Universities in the Global Networks of the Future
Michel Bénard | Getting out of the Silos – Two Suggestions
Rolf Tarrach and Lidia Borrell-Damian | Will European Universities in 2040 Still Teach and Research?
Enrique Cabrero-Mendoza | How to Picture Universities in 2040?
Klaus Sailer and Mirko Franck | A Pathway to a Sustainable Future through New Ways of Learning and Applying Knowledge
Dominik Böhler and Oliver Bücken | Effectual Higher Education
Todd Davey, Arno Meerman, Max Riedel | In a Race between Education and Catastrophe the 4th Generation University is Winning