A new way of conceiving scientific research, Open Science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free public access to the results of publicly funded research), it accompanies the great ideal of transparency that is now invading all spheres of life in society. This book describes its origins, perspectives and objectives. It also reveals the obstacles and barriers due to private profit and academic conservatism.
Foreword of the English edition
CHAPTER 1 — Towards a new way of transmitting knowledge
A tenacious tradition
The third turning point
Conclusion: an obsolete practice
CHAPTER 2 — Towards a true sharing of knowledge
Science as a common good?
Everything comes at a price
Science as a public good?
Conclusion: access to knowledge is definitely a fundamental right
CHAPTER 3 — Towards free access to publications
The epic of open access
What exactly is open access: open or libre
More than a technique, open access is a cause
Ignorance and waste
The usurpators: a dangerous inversion of the model
Initiatives towards independance
But where are the obstacles?
Characteristics of the several variations on the theme of open access 64
In practice, what can we do?
To the barricades!
Conclusion: an unequal arm wrestling match
CHAPTER 4 — Towards a more transparent Science
Open source software
Open peer review
Conclusion: open science, a broad concept
CHAPTER 5 — Towards a more ethical research
CHAPTER 6 — Towards a fairer assessment
The multi-criteria evaluation
CHAPTER 7 — Tomorrow, the Research…
A forward-looking vision
The struggle goes on
And what about europe?
A light at the end of the tunnel? Plan s
What can be done now?
Conclusion: a noble purpose
Appendix 1 - Comparison of the different publication variants
Appendix 2 - What is a Creative Commons license?
Appendix 3 - Myths and realities of the mandatory Green Open Access
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Bernard Rentier is a Belgian virologist, associate member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium, in the «Technology and Society» class. He is First Vice-President of the Belgian Federal Council of Science Policy.
After an international career as a researcher, he became Vice-rector (1997-2005) and then Rector of the University of Liège (2005-2014).
He has established an institutional repository for scientific publications with a mandate that has become a famed Open Access model and he is currently working to promote Open Science in all its implications for research and researchers.