Library Element Report

Methods in Research on Research | What we should change in the way we are doing research | Main findings from the H2020 MiRoR Project

Uploaded by RRI Tools on 26 December 2019

Methods in Research on Research. What we should change in the way we are doing research. Main findings from the H2020 MiRoR Project. 2019. 

MIROR is an innovative and ambitious joint doctoral training programme funded by Marie
Skłodowska-Curie Actions, dedicated to Methods in Research on Research (MIROR) in the
field of clinical research

“Research on Research”, is an emerging new scientific discipline that aims to reduce waste
in research and increase research value. Tens of billions of Euros are wasted each year on
studies that are redundant, flawed in their design, never published or poorly reported. The
public is the main victim of this waste and reducing waste and increasing value of research
represents a major societal challenge.

The project´s aim was to create, in Europe, an innovative and ambitious multidisciplinary intersectoral joint doctoral training programme, dedicated to Methods in Research on Research (MiRoR) in the field of clinical research. Their proposal involving 15 early-stage researchers, aimed to:

  1. prepare students for envisioning the future challenges in clinical research and find innovative solutions to face them,
  2. train students to go well beyond the state-of-the-art in their research,
  3. help students think differently, taking advantage of the multidisciplinary expertise and intercultural diversity of the network,
  4. teach students how to move from research to action and convert knowledge and idea into a product,
  5. help students develop skills to match the public and private sector needs and create new professional opportunities

To improve the training of students and confront them with diverse situations and research
context and methods, the project considered clinical research in its complexity: they tackled various study designs (observational studies, randomised trials, systematic reviews) and various study questions (therapeutic, diagnostic, and prognostic evaluation). In addition, they chose to address different steps of a clinical research projects: planning, conduct, reporting and peer review. The research projects of their fellows are grouped into these four areas, each one addressed by a different chapter of the booklet.

The project has been running from March 2016 and it will end on February 2020. Having most of the MiRoR research fellows concluded their doctoral contracts (some of them are still running but are in the final phase), the project team thought that gathering their findings in one single publication would be an effective way to raise awareness on the main problems existing in the field of clinical research and the proposed solutions resulting from their research projects.


  • Introduction 
  • The MiRoR consortium 
  • MiRoR beneficiaries 
  • Our fellows 
  • Innovative «training through action» activities 


  • Methods for identifying and displaying gaps in health research 
  • An alternative approach for planning the research of innovative medical tests
  • Methods for including participants in core outcome set development 
  • Improving the planning and monitoring of recruitment to clinical trials 
  • Impact of mobilising collective intelligence in clinical research planning


  • Improving the use and understanding of causal methods in clinical research
  • Improving the assessment of Risk of Bias in systematic reviews 
  • Estimation of causal effects from observational studies: how results obtained from different causal inference methods can be integrated in a meta-analyses approach


  • Use of reporting guidelines as an educational intervention for teaching research methods and writing 
  • Strategies for avoiding “spin” (i.e., distorted reporting) in research reports
  • Assisted authoring for avoiding inadequate claims in scientific reporting
  • Text mining for the systematic survey of diagnostic tests in published or unpublished literature


  • Peer-review content and communication process in a major biomedical journal
  • Assessing interventions to improve adherence to reporting guidelines in health research
  • Measuring review report quality in health research

List of publications 








Related Resources