IPR, technology transfer & open science. Challenges and opportunities✎
Science, EUR 28661 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2017
This workshop was a one day meeting, gathering stakeholders from the research, technology transfer and innovation ecosystem, including academic researchers, academic publishers, large research organisations, representatives from technology transfer offices and experts on academic research. The workshop was made possible through collaboration between the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and DG Research and Innovation.
The workshop aimed to bring together a wide range of expertise to answer the following questions:
- How do you strike the right balance between IPR protection and Open Science?
- How do you achieve the proper balance between the need to freely access dataand the need for copyright protections?
- What is the best governance structure and copyright model for the futureEuropean Open Science Cloud to be launched in the next 18 months?
These three questions were addressed in three separate sessions:
- Session 1 – The Interplay between Open Science Policy and IPR
- Session 2 – The Impact of IPR on Open Data
- Session 3 – The Impact of IPR and Privacy Rules on Research Data Infrastructures
The three main conclusions are:
- There are no incompatibilities between IPR and Open Science. On the contrary the IPR framework, if correctly defined from the onset, becomes an essential tool to regulate open science and ensure that the efforts from different contributors arecorrectly rewarded. Their definition is depending on the objective of the research,
- The European Commission has a role in promoting open science and its balance with IPR. This is especially important at the time when policy on copyright and definition are being redefined and the Open Science Cloud is being established. These new policies will build the framework for the leadership of Europe in Open Science.
- Draw inspiration from existing best practices. For instance, by understanding how public research institutes with societal commitments and strong industrial partnerships are striking the right balance between IPR and open knowledge. And by using the licences offering balance right between creators and users for Open Science content.
Other corollaries of from the workshops are the following:
- Preserve the European Commission base principle for Open Data: “as open as possible and as closed as necessary”
- The European Commission should aim for the highest degree of clarity concerning the policies regulating the non-disclosure of publicly funded data, for instance by creating collections of case studies.
- Stakeholders should draw inspiration from existing IPR/Open Science balance policies.
- The European Commission should participate in harmonizing the open science infrastructure and policies through a European Open Science Cloud that sets standards for database quality and licensing model standards.
- Support of “bottom up” growth of Open Science and Open Data, while encouraging translation of research outputs into the commercial world.