The following workshops summarize some observations that the PERFORM project team developed during its activities in schools to collect students’ perceptions on specific topics related to STEM. The documents contain practical instructions and reflections on the more suitable ways of learning to listen to students ideas, expectations and visions in order to structure didactic activities. The information collected through these workshops are the base to develop participatory forms of Performances that are PERSEIAs as they are called in the PERFORM project.
Topic 1 - Understanding students’ perception of STEM careers
How to understand if students associate studying STEM and entering a career in STEM with the idea of good jobs for their future. This participatory workshop model helps teeachers to structure an activity to listen to students expectations
Topic 2 - Discovering the stereotypes about science and scientists
Setting a scenario and inviting students to develop a role-play can help to understand their thoughts and perceptions about science and scientists. Avoiding direct questions on stereotypes and using roleplaying can help to thoroughly explore students’ point of views.
The engaging approach of a scenario to be discussed by the students helps to trigger discussion on ethics. Provoking reflections by talking about recreating life is always an effective tool to start discussing ethical issues. A mix of science fiction and real ethical situation sets the scene for a practical workshops.
From the experience of Professional Science Communicators participating in the generation of this protocol (Big Van (TBVT) in Spain, TRACES in France, and Science Made Simple (SMS) in the UK), some general and useful recommendations emerged that are summarized here.
The videos and the related guidelines and protocol are a key tool to develop Scientific Drama-Based Activity that humanise science and values embedded in Responsible Research and Innovation. The process can be organized in the following steps.
Deliver the Workshops and analyze the collected data
Extract your own guidelines, decide what you want to address
Adapt your performance-based activity into a PERSEIA, a performance developed through a participatory process involving students