The introduction of new technologies can be controversial, especially when they create ethical tensions as well as winners and losers among stakeholders and interest groups. While ethical tensions resulting from the genetic modification of crops and plants and their supportive gene technologies have been apparent for decades, persistent challenges remain. This book explores the contemporary nature, type, extent and implications of ethical tensions resulting from agricultural biotechnology specifically and technology generally. There are four main arenas of ethical tensions: public opinion, policy and regulation, technology as solutions to problems, and older versus new technologies. Contributions focus on one or more of these arenas by identifying the ethical tensions technology creates and articulating emerging fault lines and, where possible, viable solutions. Key features include:
Focusing on contemporary challenges created by new and emerging technologies, especially agricultural biotechnology.
Identifying a unique perspective by considering the problem of ethical tensions created or enhanced by new technologies.
Providing an interdisciplinary perspective by including perspectives from sociologists, economists, philosophers and other social scientists.
This book will be of interest to academics in agricultural economics, sociology and philosophy and policymakers concerned with introducing new technology into agriculture.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Ethical Tensions and new technology: An overview in the context of agricultural biotechnology
Part 1: Public opinion and interest
Chapter 1: Ethical tensions from a "science alone" approach in communicating GE science to consumers
Chapter 2: Against the (GM) grain: ethical tensions and agro-biotechnology activism in the United States
Chapter 3: The use and abuse of the term GMO in the "common weal rhetoric" against the application of modern biotechnology in agriculture
Chapter 4: Collaborating with the enemy? A view from Down Under on GM research partnerships
Part 2: Policy and regulation
Chapter 5: Three models of public opinion and public interest for agricultural biotechnology: precautionary, conventional, and accommodative
Chapter 6: Genetically modified organisms in food: ethical tensions and the labeling initiative
Chapter 7: Ethical tensions in regulation of agricultural biotechnology and its impact on policy outcomes: evidences from the U.S. and India
Part 3: Technological fix criticism
Chapter 8: Technological pragmatism: navigating the ethical tensions created by agricultural biotechnology
Chapter 9: Absolute hogwash: assemblage and the new breed of animal biotechnology
Part 4: New versus old technology
Chapter 10: Nature-identical outcomes, artificial processes: governance of CRISPR/Cas genome editing as an ethical challenge
Chapter 11: New technology, cognitive bias and ethical tensions in entrepreneurial commercialization: the case of CRISPR
Part 5: Mediating ethical tensions
Chapter 12: New technology, ethical tensions and the mediating role of translational research