Library Element Report

Community Participation in Knowledge-based Local Economic Development Projects: the Case of Newcastle’s ‘Science Central’

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Uploaded by RRI Tools on 01 November 2015

van Winden, W. (n.d.) (2010), Community Participation in Knowledge-based Local Economic Development Projects: the Case of Newcastle’s ‘Science Central’, REDIS.
Several European cities are developing large-scale ‘knowledge quarters’ or science-based campuses in or near their city centres. This development trend marks a contrast with the 1970s and 1980s, when technology parks and science campuses were typically created at the edge of cities, at suburban locations. In this paper, we focus on the community involvement in the planning of these developments, using the Science Central plan of Newcastle (UK) as an illustration. We argue that community involvement needs to go beyond the ‘traditional’ approach of informing and consulting citizens in the master planning process. The transformational aspects of large knowledge-driven urban development plans ask for a deeper involvement approach, that does not only address the spatial and physical aspects of the development, but also the functional and conceptual linkages between the new knowledge hub and the city. This may benefit the knowledge quarter in several ways, and contributes to its physical and functional integration in the city as a whole. Also, a smart participation approach increases the acceptance of knowledge hubs that would otherwise be considered by many residents as elitist urban enclaves to which they have no relation. This is especially relevant for (former) industrial cities.
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