A Sustainability Compass to guide food system sustainability assessments.
Societal goals on health, environment, equity, economy; with key areas of concern.
Sustainability scores are calculated via a hierarchical approach to indicators.
It enables reflexive evaluation and multi-actor negotiation of food systems outcomes.
We demonstrate proof of concept of operationalization of the approach and metrics.
Growing acknowledgement that food systems require transformation, demands comprehensive sustainability assessments that can support decision-making and sustainability governance. To do so, assessment frameworks must be able to make trade-offs and synergies visible and allow for inclusive negotiation on food system outcomes relevant to diverse food system actors.
This paper reviews literature and frameworks and builds on stakeholder input to present a Sustainability Compass made up of a comprehensive set of metrics for food system assessments. The Compass defines sustainability scores for four societal goals, underpinned by areas of concern. We demonstrate proof of concept of the operationalization of the approach and its metrics. The Sustainability Compass is able to generate comprehensive food system insights that enables reflexive evaluation and multi-actor negotiation for policy making.
2. A review of food systems frameworks and metrics
3. The food system Sustainability Compass
4. Policy implications
Appendix 1. Glossary
Appendix 2. Equations for operationalization of the Sustainability Compass